Sunday, October 24, 2021

Fedora Linux 34 Server Installation Guide

 Fedora Linux 34 Server Edition Installation Guide.

 In this guide we will demonstrate step by step installation of Fedora 34 Linux Server with screenshots. Fedora is a free and Open Source Linux Distribution sponsored by Red Hat and contributed by the community. 

Click on Fedora 34 Release Note to know more about features of Fedora 34 Linux. The Fedora Workstation & Server installation files can be downloaded from the below links.

. Fedora Workstation Live ISO

. Fedora Server

Once download is complete, Downloaded ISOs can be used to create installation media with both optical and USB disks for booting BIOS and UEFI systems. Fedora project encouraged to use Fedora Media Writer which supports Linux, macOS and Windows. However, you can use the utilities like Etcher Unetbootin, & Rufus.
WARNING : Installation Media creation is destructive, all data on USB are deleted so have a back up of the data.

Booting with Fedora Installer

Plug in boot USB drive or insert CD/DVD into the system and restart. Need to change booting sequence pressing F12 or DEL to enter into SETUP and follow the screen instructions to access boot menu. Once it starts rebooting it should display a the following screen.
There are two options "Install Fedora 34" and "Test this media & install Fedora 34". Choose "Install Fedora 34" and press "Enter".

Welcome screen and Language selection

Graphical Installer starting and shows the Welcome screen, select preferred language and click "Continue" to confirm and proceed to installation.

Installation Summary

Most of the configuration like keyboard, Language, Network & Host name, Time & Date, Installation Destination etc. can be done from here.
In this screen, following are the indication:
. Warning Symbol - Yellow triangle with an exclamation mark, requires your attention.
. Greyed out - Currently installer configuring it and must wait till it finishes.
. Black and no warning symbol - No attention is required, still you can change the settings. 
Date &  time - This screen allows to configure time and date setting for your system.
Keyboard Layout - Allows to setup keyboard for your system.
Language Support - Allow to configure language settings for your system.
Installation Source - Allows you to specify a location from which packages will be downloaded and installed on the system.
Software Selection - This options to choose which packages to be installed on your system.
Installation Destination - This screens to configure which disks to be used to install Fedora.
All the local available disks are shown in "Local Standard Disks" section. There are three options in the Storage Configuration section.
. Automatic - If you select this options and press "Done", installer will create a BTRFS layout suitable for your system.  
. Custom - Select this option and press "Done" to configure system partitioning layout semi-manually.
. Advanced-Custom (Blivet-GUI) - This section is complete manual which requires disk partitions knowledge and suggested for experience users.
Manual Partitioning
Manual Partitioning allows to create a storage configuration / partitions manually which gives greater control of your system storage.
When you choose Manual Partitioning, left side will display all the existing partitions, if the drives don't have the existing partitions then no mount points will appear. You are allows to select partitioning scheme such as LVM, BTRFS, Standard Partition. Click the + button to add a mount point such as /, SWAP, /BOOT etc. specify a mount point, size, then click add mount point to add the mount point. Repeat for additional partitions if you want to create. Refer below stepwise snippets.





Summary of changes

After creating necessary partitions, click "Done" button on the top left side, you will be prompted to accept the changes as below.

Root Password

This screen to set Root Password, this will be used to log into superuser account. However, you should create normal user account to log in to the system. Root (Superuser) account only be use to perform a task which requires root access.

Installation Progress

Once all the options in the Installation Summary is done, press the Begin Installation button. This starts installation process and changes will be done on the disks.

Installation complete.

You must wait for the installation to finish, reboot your system clicking on Finish installation button.
Log in to your newly installed Fedora 34 Server system.
That's it. This is end of the Fedora 34 Server installation steps. Hope this might help who are a beginners in Fedora Linux. Please share it with others and use comment box below to raise a query if any. Also follow us on tecluesdotcom Facebook Official Page.  

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